Master of Philosophy

Philosophy is a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. Master of Philosophy is a Postgraduate Academic Research Degree which is awarded for a course or program in Philosophy. It is popularly known as M.Phil. which is an abbreviated form of Master of Philosophy degree. The duration of Master of Philosophy degree is 1-2 years involving a number of semesters. The syllabus of Master of Philosophy is a mixture of theory and practical. Scholars are trained to present their research findings. A pre-doctoral programme – Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) is taken after completion of the Master’s Degree. This can either be completely research based or can include course work as well. Masters Degree in Philosophy is offered by various Indian Universities in a wide variety of subjects ranging from English, Mathematics, Physics to Management. Some of the prominent Institutes providing M.Phil. are Delhi University, University of Calcutta, University of Mumbai, University of Pune, Punjab University etc. Masters Degree Programs in Philosophy can also be pursued through distance learning programs which one can pursue at one’s own flexibility. After completing Master of Philosophy through distance learning, one can continue further research through other doctoral programs. Some of the Institutes providing Distance Education in Philosophy are Alagappa University, Andhra University, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Open University, Tamil Nadu Open University etc.


To puruse M.Phil. one needs to have a Master’s degree in science, arts or engineering. Candidates need to acquire 55% marks in the subject chosen for M.Phil. course or an allied subject at the postgraduate level to be considered eligible for the course. A written test maybe conducted to assess the candidate’s knowledge. Those who qualify in the written test will be required to appear in an interview. The admission procedure and mode of selection for admission to Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) through distance learning however, may vary from one Institute to another. Some Institutes have specify added eligibility criteria for admitting candidates into their distance learning M.Phil. program.

Master of Philosophy Subjects

Subjects vary in accordance with one’s chosen field of specialisation.

Master of Philosophy Specialisations

  1. Biochemistry.
  2. Prakrit.
  3. Bioinformatics.
  4. Gujarati.
  5. Chinese & Japanese Studies.
  6. Bioscience.
  7. Guru Nanak Sikh Studies.
  8. Psychiatric Social Work.
  9. Biotechnology.
  10. Hindi.
  11. Psychology.

Who can and Who should pursue Master of Philosophy Degree

Master of Philosophy Degree is especially meant for academicians, interested in research or scholars willing to upgrade their knowledge after post graduation in their field of interest. Accordingly an increasing number of science graduates are undertaking postgraduate research study to upgrade their practical qualifications. Those desirous of additional areas of employment in which practical and general scientific skills are useful one can pursue this degree. It is also meant for those who would like to acquire a certain level of analytical and applied skills but who are not keen on pursuing a Ph.D. degree.

Advantages or Benefits of Master of Philosophy Degree

  1. The Master of Philosophy program aims to transform Post Graduates into Research Scholars.
  2. It is an integrated theory and practical course to carry out research and Prepare research proposal.
  3. M.Phil. course is a pre-doctorate degree course which is mainly based on research. After finishing these programs, students can enrol for a Ph.D. program.

Teachers not only impart quality education to the students, but also inculcate moral values, sense of a responsible citizen and a good human being. In order to become a proficient professor, formal education and training is required.

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